Express Entry functions as an application management system overseeing candidates in the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). Additionally, it manages a segment of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
While each program has unique eligibility criteria, candidates across all categories are evaluated and ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). This system assigns point values to various human capital attributes, including work experience, age, language proficiency, and education.
The data also considers Express Entry candidates who received a nomination through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). A provincial nomination automatically adds 600 CRS points to a candidate’s profile, significantly enhancing their chances of receiving an ITA.
Based on the available data, certain trends emerge among the candidates most likely to receive an ITA. Notably, Canadian Experience Class (CEC) candidates in their twenties, working as software engineers and either residing or intending to reside in Ontario, stand out as the most probable recipients.
In the first nine months of 2023, the majority of ITAs were issued to candidates in the Canadian Experience Class. CEC candidates, with at least one year of eligible Canadian work experience and meeting language proficiency criteria, received 23,910 ITAs, constituting nearly 45% of the total.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) candidates secured the second-highest number of ITAs at 15,855, approximately 30% of the total. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) candidates followed closely with 13,655 ITAs, representing around 26% of all ITAs.
Notably, there were no ITAs issued to candidates in the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP).
Certain occupations emerged as prevalent among the top recipients of ITAs across different programs. Software engineers consistently ranked among the top occupations in all three programs:
Approximately half of all Express Entry candidates (26,070) had a CRS score ranging from 451 to 500. Another 11,640 candidates had scores between 501 and 600.
In the higher ranges, only 225 candidates received an ITA with a score between 601 and 700, and 60 candidates scored between 701 and 800. Additionally, 790 candidates scored in the range of 801 to 900.
Interestingly, a significant number of candidates (over 7,750) had a CRS score between 901 and 1,000, while over 5,040 candidates had scores exceeding 1,000. Notably, achieving a CRS score of around 600 is possible through receiving a provincial nomination, contributing 600 points to an Express Entry candidate’s profile.
More than half of all Express Entry candidates either resided in or intended to live in Ontario, receiving 31,550 ITAs. British Columbia followed with the second-highest number of ITAs at 10,655, and Alberta had 5,280 candidates receiving ITAs. Nova Scotia received 1,595 ITAs, while all other provinces had fewer than 1,500 each.
In terms of age, the majority of candidates receiving ITAs were in the 19-29 age range, with 28,970 candidates in their twenties securing invitations. A further 20,865 candidates in their thirties received ITAs, while less than 4,000 candidates aged 40 or older were issued ITAs.
The number of Express Entry candidates invited from January to September 2023 surpasses the total number invited in 2022 (37,335) but falls short of the remarkable 108,105 invitations in 2021.
The past two years witnessed unique circumstances due to the pandemic. In 2021, IRCC increased ITAs to CEC candidates to meet immigration goals amid the pandemic, contributing to a backlog and slower service standards in 2022.
Looking ahead, IRCC has set a target of 110,770 permanent resident admissions through Express Entry programs in 2024, with a subsequent increase to 117,500 annually in both 2025 and 2026. It’s important to note that the number of ITAs issued tends to be lower than the number of admissions, as successful candidates can include their partners and children, meeting IRCC criteria.
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